Different human groups and natives


It is unknown how many and which Andean people were responsible for the development or construction of the Qhapaq Ñan, we know that the Aymara people were one of those who traveled through it, in addition to being one of the largest indigenous peoples currently in the countries of Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. 

Dominio de la lengua aymara (Haylli) (2008)


It is estimated that the Aymara people settled near Lake Titicaca during the 12th century, reaching distribution in Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. It is one of the most important ethnic groups in South America. They have a great ethnic cohesion, which is sustained by the use of their language and their own social organization, which is not known with certainty. 

Agriculture and stockbreeding 

Their main crops were bell peppers, potatoes, pumpkins, quinoa, and coca, for which cultivation terrace techniques were used. 

Their livestock was based on the raising of alpacas and llamas (family of the Camelids), to obtain their wool, the males were also used to transport goods or stones.  


Aymara men’s clothing is traditionally made up of pants held up by a belt and a woven shirt or unku, covered by a wool poncho in bright colors or natural and brown tones. 

Aymara women’s clothing is usually a long black or brown dress or asko that is attached to the shoulders with pins, they also wear a belt very tight around the waist. The shoulders are covered with a knitted scarf and additionally a blanket tied to the chest to carry children or food, known as aguayo.

Illustration of Aymara clothing by Rosemarie Cerdá Cattan (PUEBLOS ORIGINARIOS DE CHILE book)